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What do the Kidney do?

The normal function of the kidney is to maintain the body's internal environment by purifying the blood and maintaining water and electrolyte composition. Hence in disease with the kidneys the symptoms are referred anywhere in the body.

The second function of the kidney is to remove the products of metabolism produced from the food we take. Another offshoot of this is that all the drugs we consume are also removed by the kidneys.

Other functions include production of hormones like Erythropoietin, Vitamin-D and Renin. Erythropoietin is concerned with blood production, Vitamin -D is related to bone modelling and bone growth and Renin to Blood Pressure.

Further reading

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